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Annette Hübschle


Dr Annette Hübschle is a senior research fellow in the Global Risk Governance programme in the Public Law Department at the University of Cape Town. She is responsible for the  Global Risk Governance programme's Environmental Futures project, and is also the African and wildlife trafficking lead on the European Research Council-funded TRANSFORM project (short for Trafficking transformations: objects as agents in transnational criminal networks).

Annette holds a PhD in Social Sciences and Economics from the International Max Planck Research School on the Social and Political Constitution of the Economy and the University of Cologne and a Master of Philosophy in Criminology from the University of Cape Town. While studying towards her PhD, Annette was a member of the Illegal Markets research group at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Germany. In the past, Annette worked as a senior researcher for the Institute for Security Studies, a pan-African applied policy institute. She led and conducted research into organised crime and terrorist financing in Africa. Annette has worked as a researcher, consultant, and practitioner on a variety of organised crime, environmental security, and broader African security issues. She also acts as a senior research advisor to the Global Initiative against Transnational Organised Crime and is a member of the South African Department of Environmental Affairs-appointed task force against wildlife poisoning, the IUCN Green Criminology Specialist Group, IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy and IUCN Species Survival Commission on Sustainable Use and Livelihoods Group, Environmental Restorative Justice Network and several academic and policy review boards.

Teaching and Supervision

Annette supervises Masters and PhD students in the Law Faculty and teaches seminars on wildlife crime, securitisation and community-based conservation.

Research Interests

Her current research focuses on the governance of safety and security with a specific focus on illegal wildlife economies and environmental futures, as well as the interface between licit and illicit economies and criminal networks.

Publications (recent)

Annette and Clifford Shearing are working on a joint book project that explores why African rural communities might participate in illegal and legal wildlife economies and how alternative, community-oriented strategies can build community resilience against organised wildlife crimes. Pragmatic Conservation: Conservation, the illegal wildlife trade and local communities will be published by Routledge in 2021.


Book Chapters


  • Hübschle, Annette, 2019: Wildlife poisoning in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area White River: WWF Khetha & USAID.
  • Hübschle, Annette with Mafaro Kasipo. 2018. Gendered perspectives in law enforcement and fisheries crime: A Global South perspective. Vienna: LE Femmes, Pesca Dolus.
  • Hubschle, A., with Shearing, C. 2018. Ending wildlife trafficking: Local communities as change agents. Geneva: Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime. 1-48.

Journal Articles